Tomatoes are called superfoods, functional foods, and are very tasty. Tomatoes have many vitamins and nutrients that can help maintain the body and ward off some chronic diseases as well as beta-carotene to Vitamin C. Not only you, but tomatoes are also indeed a debate of the world community. is Tomato Is a Fruit Or Veg: Find Out The Facts?
Definition of tomatoes
Tomatoes are Indigenous to Central and South America, from Mexico to Peru.
The plant has the Latin name Solanum Lycopersicum syn. This Lycopersicum esculentum has a short life cycle and can grow as high as one to three meters.
Plants with green, yellow, and red fruits are usually used as vegetables in cooking or food directly without being processed.
History of Tomatoes
This plant likely originated in the highlands of the west coast of South America. Then after the Spanish controlled South America they spread the plant to their colonies in the Caribbean.
Besides, Spain also brought this plant to the Philippines which became the starting point of spread to other regions throughout the Asian continent.
Spain also brings the seeds of this plant to Europe and it grows easily in regions with a Mediterranean climate.
Tomato is a plant that is found all over the world. This plant has two rootings, namely the rooting of the riding and the rooting of fibers.
The roots of the limbs of the plant grow through the soil and for the roots of fibers to grow sideways but shallow.
With both rootings, this plant should be planted in loose soil conditions and contain a lot of nutrients.
This plant has a variety of shapes depending on the variety, including the shape of round, somewhat round, somewhat oblong, ovoid, and square.
The plant has oval-shaped leaves on its jagged edges and forms slits that are slightly curved inwards.
The stems of the plant are soft but can be called strong because they can support the fruit even with the help of a stake.
This plant contains a variety of vitamins, minerals, and plant compounds that are very beneficial for the health of the body.
Some minerals contained in tomatoes are Calcium, Magnesium, Potassium, Sodium, Sulfur, and Chlorine.
The vitamins contained in it are vitamin A, Vitamin B2, Vitamin B6, Vitamin C, Vitamin K, Vitamin E, and niacin.
In addition to vitamins and minerals there is also other content of alkaloids, saponins, folic acid, malic acid, coumaric acid, and chlorogenic acid, bioflavonoids namely red pigments named lycopene, ademin, biotin, Trigo melin, histamine, protein, fat, sugar, and fiber.
Because the content contained in tomatoes is very much, find the benefits of tomatoes for the health of the body ranging from adequate nutrition to prevent cancer and Best Herb and Tomato Combinations.
Types of Tomato Plants
Here we give some types of tomato plants:
- Cherry tomatoes: has a cherry-like shape with a red color. It is usually used as a mixture to make stir-fry dishes.
- Plum tomatoes: almost the same as cherry tomatoes but more oblong. Usually, this type is applied to make sambal because it tastes sourer than the cherry type.
- Green tomatoes: these are usually harvested when the fruit of this plant is young so that the color as the name suggests is green. This fruit has a higher sour taste than others and has not much water content.
- Beef tomatoes have a jumbo size and a skin surface that is not smooth. Usually, this type is used for the contents of sandwiches because the larger size can wrap parts of lettuce leaves and meat.
- Grape tomatoes: it’s almost like a grape and tastes like no other type of acid. This fruit has a sweet taste, so many consume it directly.
Tomato Is a Fruit Or Veg: Find Out The Facts
In the culinary world, tomatoes are known as vegetables, but it is not uncommon for people to refer to them as fruit. So, actually, where are tomatoes more likely to go? Here’s the scientific explanation:
Fruits and vegetables are both rich in vitamins, minerals, and fiber.
Before concluding the tomato is fruit or vegetable. you need to know first the understanding of both.
Nutritionally, fruits and vegetables are both rich in sources of vitamins, minerals, and fiber. Though they have a great deal in common, they have a few differences.
According to the botanical classification, fruits and vegetables have different understandings based on their parts.
The fruit is formed from flowers and has seeds to help the process of reproduction of plants. As for the common fruits you know, such as apples, pears, and oranges.
Meanwhile, vegetables are roots, stems, leaves, and other parts of the plant. Examples of vegetables include spinach, lettuce, carrots, and celery.
Meanwhile, the culinary classification of vegetables and fruits is determined based on the profile of the taste.
In general, the fruit has a soft texture and tends to have a sweet taste. Fruit can also have a sour and sharp taste. Usually, the fruit is served as a dessert, pastries, jams, smoothies, or eaten directly as a snack.
Unlike fruit, vegetables usually have a bland and bitter taste. The texture is usually harder than the fruit. Although it can be eaten raw, vegetables usually need to be cooked first. Vegetables are usually suitable for sautéing dishes, salads, or casseroles.
According to the botanical classification, tomatoes are fruit.
Scientifically, tomatoes are fruits. That’s because all fruits have a single or many seeds and grow from plant flowers.
This is further reinforced because tomatoes are formed from small yellow flowers. Tomatoes also have seeds, which can later produce more tomato plants.
Tomatoes are still called fruits even though they have no seeds.
Uniquely, several types of modern tomatoes are deliberately cultivated to stop producing seeds. Although this happens, in the botanical classification, tomatoes are still categorized as a fruit.
However, according to the culinary classification, tomatoes are vegetables.
Although scientifically tomatoes are fruit, in the culinary world tomatoes tend to fall into the category of vegetables. That’s because cooking is an art so it’s more flexible in categorizing this type of food.
When cooked, tomatoes are usually processed alone or paired with other native vegetables. Generally, tomatoes are served in a savory dish. That’s why tomatoes have a reputation as a vegetable, although they are scientifically categorized as a fruit.
In the United States, tomatoes are championed as a fruit to avoid higher vegetable tariffs.
However, in 1893, the United States Supreme Court ruled that tomatoes should be classified as vegetables based on their culinary classification.
It’s not just tomatoes that are experiencing this identity crisis.
Tomatoes aren’t the only ones battling this identity crisis. Many other fruits are often considered vegetables, such as cucumbers, pumpkins, peas, peppers, and eggplants.
For those of you who still like to argue with your friends, now can tell the facts above. if you’re on your own, would you rather consider fruit or vegetable tomatoes? Let’s give your opinion in the comments field.