Diarrheal diseases can not be underestimated. If not treated properly, post-diarrheal fluid loss (dehydration) can be fatal. If a baby has diarrhea, it can lead to death. then can adults get diarrhea? what causes diarrhea in adults? Let’s get to know more!
What is diarrhea?
Diarrhea is a disease that makes the sufferer become frequent defecation, with a diluted stool condition. In general, diarrhea occurs due to food and beverages exposed to viruses, bacteria, or parasites.
How many times does defecation say diarrhea?
When exposed to diarrhea, a person can experience liquid defecation up to more than 3 times a day. The condition is usually also accompanied by other symptoms, such as heartburn, cramps, or abdominal pain accompanied by flatulence, as well as nausea and vomiting. Diarrhea can generally heal itself within a few days.
Is Diarrhea an infectious disease?
Yes, diarrhea can be contagious if the cause is a viral, bacterial, or parasitic infection. The way of transmission is through the feces of people with diarrhea, due to contamination of these germs.
What causes diarrhea in adults
Some conditions can cause a person to have diarrhea, generally a viral infection of the colon. These types of viruses include rotavirus, Norwalk, cytomegalovirus, and hepatitis virus. Rotavirus is that the virus which most frequently causes diarrhea in kids.
Besides viral Diseases, Additional causes of Asthma are:
- Parasitic infections, e.g. Giardiasis or strongyloidiasis.
- Food allergies.
- Foods containing artificial sweeteners.
- Fructose intolerance (a natural sweetener in honey and fruits) and lactose intolerance (sugar substances found in milk and similar products).
- Postoperative gallstones.
- Side effects of medications, such as antibiotics that can disrupt the natural balance of bacteria in the gut causing diarrhea.
In the case of long-lasting (chronic) diarrhea, the causative factors include:
- Colitis, as in Crohn’s disease, ulcerative colitis, or microscopic colitis.
- Irritable bowel syndrome.
- Celiac disease or a disorder which causes the body to refuse protein.
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What are the symptoms of diarrhea?
Symptoms of diarrhea vary, generally including flatulence or cramping, diluted stools, heartburn, or sometimes nausea and vomiting. Sufferers may experience one or more symptoms at once, depending on the cause of diarrhea.
Other symptoms that may also occur are:
- Stools are slimy, bloody, or contain unevenous food.
While the Indications that Suggest diarrhea Victims are Dried are:
- Excessive thirst.
- Urine becomes slight or dark in color.
- Dry mouth and skin.
- Urine becomes slight or dark in color.
In infants or children, dehydration can also be recognized from the symptoms:
- Sunken eyes, stomach, and cheeks.
- Tears were reduced as she cried.
- There is no urine in the diaper for 3 hours or more.
Seek medical care immediately in the event that you’ve got a baby or kids who have diarrhea for over 24 hours, particularly if accompanied by indications of melancholy, fever surpassing 39 degrees Celsius, stool containing pus, or feces.
Diagnosis of Diarrhea
To find out if a patient has diarrhea and what causes it, the doctor will ask about the symptoms, the patient’s daily habits, and his or her history of illness.
If needed, your doctor may perform a follow-up test. Among them are blood tests and stool examinations to see the presence of bacteria or parasites that cause diarrhea.
If the patient complains of frequent diarrhea after consuming certain foods, the doctor may suspect that the patient has an intolerance or food allergies.
If the cause of diarrhea is still ongoing and it is not yet known the cause, a colonoscopy examination can be performed. Colonoscopy is performed to determine the condition of the intestine and identify any abnormalities in the colon.
This inspection procedure uses a small hose-like device equipped with lights and a camera at the end.
How to treat diarrhea
Most cases of diarrhea can recover within a few days without requiring treatment. People with diarrhea can apply the following at home to relieve their symptoms:
Increase fluid consumption.
Replacing fluid and electrolyte loss is one of the important keys in the treatment of diarrhea. It is also necessary to prevent the occurrence of dehydration.
The trick is to consume as much liquid as possible, it can be water, juice, or broth. In children, administration of ORS is highly recommended. In infants who are still breastfeeding, breast milk intake should always be maintained.
Eating the right foods
When experiencing diarrhea, sufferers are recommended to consume soft foods for several days.
Also, avoid foods that are full of fats, fiber, or seasonings. If the intestinal condition has improved, switch to semi-solid foods with gradually increased fiber levels.
If the efforts of diarrhea handlers independently have not been successful, then the doctor can give diarrhea medication to overcome it. Your doctor may prescribe antibiotics if diarrhea is caused by a bacterial infection.
In addition to antibiotic medications, doctors can also provide medications that can slow bowel movements, thereby reducing severe diarrhea.
Examples of such drugs are loperamide and bismuth subsalicylate. Discuss again with your doctor the benefits and risks of taking anti-diarrheal medications.
For painkillers, although it is not able to treat diarrhea, the doctor will prescribe it if diarrhea is accompanied by fever and pain. An example is paracetamol or ibuprofen.
For long-lasting cases of diarrhea, for example, due to colitis, the doctor needs to treat the disease first. Once the condition is resolved, diarrhea will automatically subside.
Efforts to prevent diarrhea depend on one’s discipline in maintaining food and beverage hygiene. By applying clean habits, one can avoid viruses or other microorganisms that can cause diarrhea. It is recommended to:
- Diligently wash your hands, especially before and after meals, after touching uncooked meat, after coming from the toilet, or after sneezing and coughing. Clean your hands with soap, and rinse with clean water.
- Eating cooked food. Avoid eating raw fruits or vegetables that are not cut by yourself.
- Drink boiled water.