The color of menstrual blood is not always red but can vary. It turns out that every color has a different meaning. To get to know the kind you’re experiencing now and find out about what does it mean if your period blood is brown? is it normal and is it important to know about the color of the blood (brown, black, or dark)?
Menstruation can describe the health condition of a woman’s uterus and fertility organs. Regular menstruation with dark red menstrual blood can be a sign that women are in good reproductive health. Unfortunately, these ideal conditions don’t always happen. Sometimes the menstrual cycle can be irregular, or even menstrual blood is not always dark red.
Is it important to know about the color of menstrual blood?
The study found that more than 70% of women have experienced varying menstrual blood colors. It signifies a woman’s reproductive health. Not only red, but menstrual blood can also be black, gray, brown, even orange.
The ladies are very familiar with the guests who visit them every month. When menstruating or menstruating, not only do stomach cramps frustrate people, bleeding also often makes you go back and forth to the toilet to change sanitary pads.
In most cases, menstruation of various colors is normal. But in a small number of other cases, the condition can be caused by a serious matter and requires the treatment of a doctor.
When you are changing sanitary pads, sometimes you can notice a change in the color of menstrual blood that occurs every day. Is the discoloration of menstrual blood normal?
What is the blood color of the first day of menstruation?
The first day of menstruation is generally tanned. The duration of the blood discharge normally ranges from 3-7 days, which begins with brown patches, followed by red blood that drains, and ends with brown patches again. brown blood is still relatively normal. As described above, menstruation usually begins with brown patches. Therefore, first, monitor your condition until the following days of menstruation.
Usually, in the following days, red blood comes out. If that is the case, then there is nothing to worry about. However, if menstruation lasts more than 14 consecutive days, or you do not have menstruation for three months, then you should worry and check with the gynecologist.
What is the normal color of menstrual blood?
Ideally, menstrual bleeding that occurs in women can be spots or spots, in the form of viscosity fluid, or even clots. While the color of menstrual blood that is said to be normal can be red, brownish, and also blackish. A woman’s normal menstrual cycle ranges from 21 days to 35 days. Meanwhile, the idea of a woman’s menstruation process occurs for 2 – 14 days. The conditions that can affect a woman’s menstrual cycle include:
- The presence of hormonal maslach, as in PCOS
- The existence of weight problems, both in the form of obesity, underweight, even sudden changes in weight
- The presence of stress and or physical fatigue due to too much activity
- The presence of other problems in a woman’s reproductive organs
- In most cases, menstruation of various colors is normal. But in a small number of other cases, the condition can be caused by a serious matter and requires the treatment of a doctor.
What does Menstrual Blood Color mean, From Brown, Red to Black?
Here are some common menstrual blood colors and various conditions that can cause:
Bright red color
The color of menstrual blood in the form of bright red indicates that the menstrual blood released is still fresh and smooth. Bright red menstrual blood color usually occurs on the first day of menstruation and darkens when it is nearing the end of menstruation.
If you experience bleeding that is bright red outside the menstrual cycle, you may have sexually transmitted infections, such as gonorrhea, chlamydia, and so on.
Sometimes a large amount of bright red bleeding can be caused by fibroids or abnormal growth of tissue in the uterine wall. Although very rare, uterine cancer can be one of the triggers of heavy bright red bleeding.
When you’re pregnant, bright red bleeding can be one of the signs that you’re having a miscarriage. Consult a doctor if you experience bleeding outside of menstruation or while pregnant.
Why is my period blood black?
The black color of menstrual blood usually appears at the beginning and end of the menstrual cycle and is normal. Black menstrual blood color occurs because the blood in the uterus is longer out and oxidized inside.
However, sometimes the predominantly black color of menstrual blood during the menstrual cycle can be an indication of a blockage in the vagina.
If there is a blockage, then you can experience other symptoms, such as difficulty urinating, a bad smell of vaginal fluid or blood, itching and swelling around the vagina, and fever.
Brown or deep red color
The color of menstrual blood that is brown or dark red is similar to the color of black menstrual blood. All three are long-standing blood in the womb and oxidized.
Menstrual blood that is brown or dark red will gradually turn black. The brown or deep red color of menstrual blood generally appears at the beginning and end of the menstrual period.
In certain cases, brown or deep red blood color can be a sign of pregnancy, possible miscarriage, and lochia or blood coming out after childbirth.
Bleeding that arises from lochia is normal and is the body’s response in removing tissues and blood remnants from the uterus.
However, you still need to consult a doctor if you experience bleeding while pregnant or after pregnancy to get a detailed examination.
The color of menstrual blood can also be orange and occurs when blood mixes with the fluid in the uterus. Usually, orange menstrual blood can be a signal of the possibility of pregnancy or infection of the vagina, such as trichomoniasis or bacterial vaginosis.
The infection can show other symptoms, such as an unpleasant smell of blood or vaginal fluid, as well as itching and discomfort in the vagina. Consult a doctor if the bleeding is orange.
The pink color of menstrual blood appears when menstrual blood mixes with the fluid in the uterus. The pink color of menstrual blood can appear during mid-ovulation, as well as the beginning or end of the menstrual cycle.
Pink bleeding can also occur due to low estrogen levels, wounds in the vagina or uterus, use of hormonal contraceptives, lochia, heavyweight loss, anemia, unhealthy diet, and the possibility of miscarriage.
Is Menstrual Blood Color Accompanied by Symptoms?
So different colors of menstrual blood are part of a normal menstrual cycle or menstruation. On the other hand, this diverse condition of menstrual blood color can also indicate the presence of certain diseases.
Therefore you need to be more observant in distinguishing the color of blood when you are in the middle of menstruation. To distinguish this, look at the following symptoms:
- Irregular menstrual cycle (shorter than 21 days or longer than 35 days)
- Previously did not menstruate for three months or more
- The presence of lower abdominal pain that interferes with the activity
- Blood coming out of the vagina outside the supposed menstrual cycle
- Blood comes out of the vagina when previously it was menopausal
- These six conditions should not be ignored. If there are any of the six signs above, menstrual blood color variation may be caused by a disturbance in the vaginal or uterine area.
Anticipate the disease with early prevention, including when you experience a different color of menstrual blood than usual. Consult your doctor immediately about your condition.
Conversely, if the color variation of menstrual blood is not accompanied by other symptoms and in a normal menstrual cycle, it is most likely normal and nothing to worry about.
Is brown menstrual blood dangerous?
The dark red-brown color of menstrual blood is usually an indicator of excess estrogen levels, which causes the wall layer to develop very thick so that your menstrual blood will appear in a larger volume and a thicker color. This is generally normal unless accompanied by PMS symptoms.
On the other hand, dark red to dark brown menstrual blood color can almost show old blood. Some women shed the lining of the uterine wall at a steady rate so that all blood rations that must be removed can run out at one time.
As for the others, the decay of their uterine wall runs slowly and can not always knock out the entire layer until it is completely clean. The remaining uterine wall will age over time and decay in the next menstruation, which features a dark brown color. It’s also a normal thing and nothing to worry about.
In extreme cases, blood can get stuck and clot in the body so that it turns black. This menstrual blood clot will be accompanied by great pain and blood clots. The condition is common in women with a history of severe fibroids and endometriosis.
Why is my period blood brown, is it normal?
In most cases, brown menstrual blood is normal. The brown color indicates that the blood has been in the womb long enough so that the color is no longer fresh. Brown blood usually appears at the beginning and end of the menstrual cycle.
If brown blood appears at the beginning of your menstrual day, this could be the rest of the blood from the previous cycle that was issued late. While the brown blood that appears at the end of the men indicates the blood is already at the endpoint because the work of the uterus to shed the wall has slowed down.
When is the brown menstrual blood categorized as abnormal?
Brown’s menstrual blood color is generally normal and harmless. However, if you experience brown bleeding accompanied by the following signs and symptoms, you should consult a doctor immediately.
- Menstruation time more than 7 days
- Irregular (very fast distance between two cycles or even more than 35 days away)
- Do not have menstruation for more than three to six months
- Vaginal bleeding in the middle of two cycles
- Bleeding occurs after sex
- Bleeding occurs after menopause
- Spotting occurs all the time even when not menstruation
- Pain in the vagina or lower abdomen
- Fever (may indicate infection)
- Brown bleeding that occurs after the use of contraceptives
- Bleeding is brown when using tamoxifen, a drug for breast cancer.
Other causes of brown menstrual blood
In addition to the aging blood in the uterus, many other things can cause brown menstrual blood. Some of them are equally normal, while others may need to see a doctor.
Here are some causes of brown menstrual blood:
KB Side Effects
The dark red color of the menstrual blood is brown usually indicates excessive estrogen levels, causing the lining of the uterine wall to become very thick. Then when men, the volume of your menstrual blood will be more and more concentrated color.
Well, birth control pills contain artificial estrogen hormones, so their effects on the body can disrupt estrogen and progesterone levels naturally. Side effects of using birth control pills can make your menstrual blood turn brown for at least the first 3 months. Birth control implants such as nexplanon are also the cause of the appearance of brown menstrual blood.
Why dark period blood and pregnancy?
Brown patches after you feel late can be an early symptom of pregnancy. These blood spots are known as implantation bleeding. You may see only 1-2 drops of blood, and usually only last about a few hours (a maximum of 1-2 days).
If after the test pregnant, red or brown bleeding continues to last more for 5 or 7 days, it is not normal. This can be a sign of miscarriage, especially if accompanied by:
- Abdominal pain and cramps
- Shoulder pain
- Feeling dizzy and weak
- No nausea or other normal pregnancy symptoms
Perimenopause is the pre-menopausal phase. In this phase, you will find a brown menstrual blood color. As long as it is not accompanied by other abnormal symptoms, the discharge of brown menstrual blood towards menopause age is safe.
If after menopause you are still bleeding brown from the vagina, this may indicate swelling in the lining of the vagina, noncancer polyps in the cervix, or other problems in your uterus, including cancer.
If you are menopausal but still bleeding, then consult a doctor immediately to find out the cause.
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a hormonal disorder that can cause menstrual blood to turn brown. Also, PCOS is characterized by symptoms such as:
- Irregular menstrual cycle
- Abnormal hair growth on the body and face
- Ovarian cysts
- Fertility problems
If your menstrual blood color is brown with these symptoms, then consult a doctor immediately. If left unchecked, PCOS can increase your risk of developing type 2 diabetes, infertility, and cardiovascular disease.
Dilation of the uterus
Women who experience uterine dilation after childbirth is at risk of brown blood during the next menstrual cycle.
This often happens because the uterus that grows and widens after childbirth sometimes does not return to its original size. The dilated uterus takes more time to collect and clot before it is removed.
As a result, the blood flow during menstruation is heavier than usual with a fairly thick texture and dark blood, both red and dark brown.
Endometriosis and adenomiosis
Endometriosis and adenomyosis are conditions of abnormal tissue growth in places they should not be. Endometriosis occurs when tissue forms outside of our uterus and usually occurs after menopause. Meanwhile, adenomyosis occurs when uterine wall tissue grows inside the uterine muscle wall.
Both of these conditions can cause your menstruation to run long because the uterus takes time to collect and clot before it is removed. This menstrual blood clot will be accompanied by a large brown menstrual blood clot and pain.
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Important For You To Be Aware of Abnormal Menstruation
Whether or not the condition comes months can be an indication of whether your reproductive system is working properly or not. Abnormal or different menstruation than usual is likely a sign of disruption to your reproductive system.
Generally, a woman’s menstrual period is 2-7 days, while the menstrual cycle lasts for 21-35 days, with the average generally for 28 days. Although the period of menstruation experienced by each woman has different characteristics, there are several conditions to be aware of because it can be an indication of health problems.
What if your menstruation slows down or even stops?
Abnormal menstrual categories include when a woman does not menstruate for 3 consecutive periods or has not had menstruation at the age of 15 years. This condition is called experiencing amenorrhea.
Also, some other conditions may cause the occurrence of amenorrhea such as:
You are pregnant or breastfeeding
Exercise too heavily or too often. Excessive frequency and intensity of exercise can affect the production and work of reproductive hormones that regulate the menstrual cycle
Eating disorders such as anorexia nervosa. Calorie limitations in the body block the release of hormones needed in the ovulation process
Other potential causes are obesity, taking oral contraceptives, ailments of the hypothalamus (the area of the brain which modulates the regulation of reproductive tissues ), thyroid gland disorders, anxiety, uterine disorders, polycystic ovary syndrome, premature menopause, and other hormonal equilibrium disorders.
See a doctor immediately if your menstruation stops, is irregular, or often too late for a long time.
What to do if you experience excessive menstrual pain?
Most women experience fatigue and pain during menstruation. However, some women experience more severe menstrual pain, making them unable to do activities. This condition is called dysmenorrhoea.
Usually accompanied by other symptoms such as nausea, vomiting, headache, back pain, and diarrhea. Excessive pain during menstruation can be an indication of the presence of certain diseases, such as endometriosis and fibroids.
To prevent the production of prostaglandins as a cause of pain and reduce the pain it causes you can use anti-inflammatory drugs. Your doctor will likely suggest a pap smear test, pelvic examination, ultrasound, or laparoscopic.
If you experience bleeding between menstruations
Abnormal menstruation can be characterized by bleeding between menstruation periods. It is recommended to be checked immediately to detect possible interference.
When should you be checked immediately?
Pay attention if your menstruation changes. In essence, you should immediately check with a doctor if:
- For your menstrual cycle less than 21 days or more than 35 days
- Your menstruation lasts more than 7 days
- Bleeding between menstruations
- Experiencing unbearable pain when experiencing
- Need to change the sanitary pads up to every 1 hour
- You have stopped having menstruation for 12 months in a row, but then again have menstruation.
- You must check yourself as early as possible so that the possibility of disturbances due to abnormal menstruation can be resolved immediately.
To overcome your menstruation to be regular again you should make the following efforts:
- Regular exercise such as doing yoga, and meditation
- Eat vegetables and fruits reproduced
- Drink water at least 2-3 liters/day
- Get sufficient sleep at least 7-8 hours Every Day
- Take control of your mind to deal with excessive stressful conditions.