What is (Dysthymia): Definition, Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis and Test

Dysthymia or so-called persistent depressive disorder is a long-term form of chronic depression. The criteria for diagnosis of Dysthymia according to DSM-IV have Decreased appetite or excessive eating. Insomnia or hypersomnia. Lack of energy or fatigue. Low self-image. Learn more about What is (Dysthymia): Definition, Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Test.


What is Dysthymia?

Dysthymia is a long-term form of chronic depression. Like other types of depression, Dysthymia is a condition that can also cause persistent feelings of sadness and despair.

Dysthymia is a psychiatric disorder that can affect mood, behavior, and physical functions, including appetite and sleep quality. Consequently, people with dysthymia symptoms frequently get rid of interest in performing tasks they’ve loved and have trouble completing daily activities.

Although these symptoms can be seen in all forms of depression, in Dysthymia, the symptoms are not too severe but more lasting. Dysthymia is a serious psychiatric disorder and does not include “minor” depression.

In addition, Dysthymia is also not an intermediate condition between severe depression and depression in the general sense.

In some cases, Dysthymia is more crippling than severe depression. However, Dysthymia is very similar to severe depression so further investigation needs to be done to distinguish Dysthymia from severe depression.

More than half of Dysthymia sufferers end up experiencing episodes of severe depression, and about half of patients treated for severe depression suffer from double depression.

Many patients who recover partly from severe depression also have milder symptoms that persist for years. This sort of chronic depression isn’t easy to differentiate from Dysthymia.


Causes of Dysthymia

Until now the cause of Dysthymia is not known with certainty. Much like Acute depression, the condition Might involve more than 1 cause, for Example:

Biological Differences

People with Dysthymia may experience physical changes to their brain. The significance of this change is still uncertain, but this condition can help to determine the cause of this mental health problem.


Brain Chemicals

Neurotransmitters are chemicals in the brain that appear naturally and likely play a role in depression. A study shows that changes in the function and effects of neurotransmitters as well as how they interact with neurocircuits–are involved in maintaining mood stability. This condition can play an important role in the treatment of depression.



This mental illness appears to be common in somebody that has a brother with a prior history of psychological issues. The researchers discovered that genes might be involved in causing this illness.



Just like intense melancholy, traumatic events such as the lack of a family, financial troubles, or elevated amounts of stress can lead to a person to experience this.


Personality Conditions

This condition can also be caused by a person having a pessimistic personality, always depending on others, or considering low self-esteem.


In addition to Dysthymia, you should also know the Signs of Permanent Nerve Damage: and How to Cure Nerve Damage.


Symptoms of Dysthymia

Symptoms of Dysthymia usually come and go for years, and their intensity can change over time. However, symptoms usually do not go away for more than two months. In addition, major depressive episodes can occur before or during these whacking health problems.

The following are some of the symptoms of Dysthymia, among others:

  • Loss of interest in doing daily activities.
  • Sadness, emptiness, or feeling sad.
  • Hopelessness.
  • Fatigue and lack of energy.
  • Low self-esteem or feeling unable to solve problems.
  • Difficulty concentrating and difficulty making decisions.
  • Quickly get angry or angry excessively.
  • Productivity is declining.
  • Avoid social activities.
  • Feelings of guilt and worry about the past.
  • Poor appetite or overeating.
  • Having trouble sleeping.

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