What is Fat Transfer and Side Effects? is a cosmetic or beauty procedure to transfer fat from one part of the body to another or lip modeling. This procedure usually has to be performed by a plastic surgeon.
Since when does the fat transfer exist?
Since the 1990s plastic surgeons have been performing this procedure to improve appearance. In recent times, it has been found that there are benefits of fat transfer to accelerate wound healing and repair breast tissue after receiving radiation therapy.
However, undergoing this procedure requires careful consideration because, in addition to expensive procedures and not covered by insurance, the results can not always be guaranteed to be good in accordance with expectations. In addition fat transfer also has some risks.
Which parts can be transferred fat?
Why is fat transfer done?
The purpose of fat transfer is to improve the appearance by transferring excessive fat from parts of the body such as the abdomen or thighs to other parts of the body such as the breast, buttocks.
Fat transfer operation function
From the understanding described above, the main function of fat transfer surgery is to increase the volume on the face and body as needed. This beautiful action is safe because it uses fat from the body itself so the risk of complications and rejection from the body is very small.
Benefits of the fat transfer operation
With age, the elasticity of the skin also becomes progressively decreased and slowly the fat on the face disappears. This leads to being more concave and looking older. Here are some benefits that can be obtained by performing fat transfer surgery including:
Eliminate facial wrinkles
Increasing age makes wrinkles on the face become more and more and can interfere with the appearance. By performing fat transfer surgery or replenishing fat on the part of the face that has deep enough wrinkles can help to replenish the part so that the skin becomes flattened again and wrinkles disappear.
Flattening under sunken eyes
Long transfer operations to fill the sunken underside of the eye are common. This makes the lower part of the eye flattened again and makes the eyes fresher.
Make your face more contained
Patients who have a sunken face due to increasing age that eliminates facial fat little by little or because the face is sunken because of congenital factors can perform fat transfer surgery to increase the volume on the required part of the face. This is done to make the face look younger and fresher.
Increase hip volume
Patients who want to have larger hips but do not want to use implants or other foreign bodies can perform fat transfer surgery by adding a volume of fat to the hips to make the hips larger.
Who needs fat transfer?
People who may need fat transfer are people who want to improve their appearance for the better.
What are the preparations before undergoing fat transfer?
Preparations that you can do before undergoing fat transfer include:
- You should first discuss the benefits and risks of the procedure with your doctor
- tell your doctor about frequently used medications
- When the procedure is performed under general anesthesia, it may be necessary to fast before the procedure.
How is fat transfer done?
Fat transfer surgery is an aesthetic operation. And it can be done in breast cancer patients who have been removed, women who have deformities, or want to increase the volume, buttocks, and improve the shape of their face.
Fat transfer surgery is not a procedure to be performed, you can perform this operation if you feel the need to do so.
What is the procedure for fat transfer surgery?
Before the fat transfer operation is performed, the area of the body that you want to take fat will be marked. Usually, the operation lasts for 1-4 hours, the duration depends on the area to be operated on. To reduce discomfort, you will be sedated, either local or general anesthetic that will put you to sleep during the action.
The operation is performed by making a small incision according to the body line that has been made before so that the former surgery can be disguised. Through the incision, body fat will be sucked using a special hose. Then, the fat taken will be stored in a container.
Fat will be separated with blood and other fluids, then injected into the intended area such as breasts, buttocks, face until it reaches its desired shape. Some doctors will mix injections with stem cells to reduce fat shrinkage after injection.
Furthermore, the hose will be installed to drain a certain amount of fluid left over from the operation at the fat intake site. The hose will be removed one week after surgery. The incision marks will be treated until healed. If stitches are needed, they will be removed 7-10 days later.
After the procedure
After the action, you are not allowed to drive alone.
Because it may feel pain for some time postoperatively, so you need to take a break from any activity for a few days. Bruising on the area of the body being operated on is natural and will disappear in a few weeks. Anti-pain medications can be given to treat them.
If the injected area of fat is the breast area, some doctors recommend using a special tool to develop breast volume 4 weeks before surgery up to a few weeks after surgery to maintain the breast size of the surgery results.
The results of the operation will generally be visible in six months. In some people, it takes 4-6 operations to get the desired results.
Fat transfer surgery can cause side effects, so you need to discuss with your doctor the possibility.
Are there any side effects of fat transfer surgery?
In the initial 1-2 months, the injected fat can be absorbed by the body so that the amount may shrink and the injected area undergoes a slight reduction in size. The results of surgery are also not guaranteed, as it depends on the body’s response to the injected fat. Here are other fat transfer surgery side effects to know:
- Surgical wound infection
- Fat cell death
- Cysts on the operating area
- Scarring in surgical wounds
- Blockage of blood vessels by fat
A hematoma is an abnormal collection of blood outside the blood vessels. And this condition can occur when the walls of arterial blood vessels, veins are damaged so that blood comes out to tissues that are not in place.
This surgery is commonly performed by plastic surgeons in hospitals. It is recommended to choose a doctor who has experienced in this field to get more optimal results. You can contact the hospital that provides fat transfer surgery services abroad.
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What do my fat removal incisions and scars look like?
The only scar may occur as a result of liposuction, which is used to remove fat from the donor site.
Due to the small liposuction incision, the scar is also small and placed in a hidden area. Sometimes depending on the location of fat deposits in the body, incisions cannot be hidden.
The amount or degree of scarring depends on the surgeon’s technique and genetic predisposition.
Most liposuction scars fade and become almost invisible over time to the point that we hardly know it. Visible scars are more likely to occur when a large liposuction cannula is used and in patients who have dark-edged skin.
There are two types of signs that can be left on the skin after liposuction. One is an actual scar, and the other is known as dyschromia, a dark or light spot on the skin.
How Long Will The Result Last?
You can expect the area where the fat is moved to appear softer and fuller, giving it a fresh, rejuvenated appearance. It may even see improvements in skin texture.
Fat survival and longevity results depend on the surgeon’s skills, how the fat is taken and purified, as well as where the fat is injected. To be successful, our fat grafting needs a surgeon with highly developed skills based on his experience and technical know-how to prevent anything from going wrong.
A process called microfat, although labor intensive, is the best way to ensure that the highest percentage of graft fat is extracted as required in a particular section.
When successfully performed, the injected fat forms a new blood supply from the body and receives the food needed to survive. If this happens, the result could be permanent. However, there may be a percentage of fat that does not enter, which is why touch procedures are sometimes required.
So what are the things to note after fat transfer?
After the fat transfer procedure is performed, you may experience pain symptoms in the area of the body that the action performs for several days or weeks.
In addition, the injected area of the body also experiences bruising or swelling for several weeks.
Generally, it takes 6 months for the fat that has been transferred to the desired area of the body to show its effect.
Why does it take a relatively long time? Because some parts of the fat injected will be reabsorbed by the body during the first few months after the procedure.
Fat transfer surgery is an operation performed to move fat from an excess fat part of the body to a part of the body that requires additional and is performed on the same person.