Toucan is a unique bird species that can be found in Central and South America. The uniqueness of the toucan bird is located in the size of the beak that looks so large. However, did you know how many types of toucans live in the amazon rainforest? And What Is The Most Recognized Type Of Toucan?: Animal Care
Although it has a pair of wings, the toucan bird is not very good at using its wings to fly. Even to move around, this bird does it by jumping.
There are approximately 40 species of toucan birds, all of which can be easily recognized because they have a large beak size with a bright color. However, the size of each species may differ.
Toucan Bird Habitat
Toucans come from the rainforests of Central and South America. Toucans used to live in the rainforest between Mexico and Argentina. In particular, they live in Bolivia, Brazil, Argentina, French Guiana, Peru, Paraguay, Uruguay, Guyana, and Suriname.
It lives in warm climates with high rainfall. Usually, they remain at the highest part of the tree called the canopy. The canopy provides a lot of food and protection for birds. The bright color that the toucan has acted as camouflage, hiding the bird between fruits and plants. Besides, they can also be found in the mountains
Costa Rica is a popular place for bird lovers to observe birds of this breed. Carara National Park, Cano Negro Wildlife Sanctuary, and Tortuguero National Park are other places to see keel-beaked toucans and other colorful bird species at any time of the year.
What does a toucan look like?
Toucans are large birds that move slowly and are long-lived. Toucans are famous for their colorful, striking feathers and large beaks. The size can reach 65 centimeters, although some species only reach 25 – 30 centimeters. His body weight ranges from 130 to 680 grams.
Toucans have long, narrow, and pointed tongues. The wings are small, with a square tail that is easily moved up and down. Brightly colored skin surrounds his eyes. Toucans are one of the most developed birds of sight. Their legs are short and strong, allowing for uninterrupted walking despite having a large beak weight and with it, they hold also moving along the branches.
How do I know the gender of the toucan?
Toucans do not have sexual dimorphism, so it is difficult to distinguish between males and females. Experts say that females have a shorter and straighter beak than their male counterparts.
How long do toucans live?
Although there are many different Toucan species, they all have the same life expectancy. Toucans can live about 20 years. Although there are some specimens beyond that, almost no one reaches the age of 30 years.
How Does Toucan Breed?
Toucans often live in pairs or small flocks with approximately six birds. A collection of toucans is known to be a group of birds that sound noisy in the rainforest. It nests in tree holes built by other animals, as do woodpeckers. In general, it has two to four eggs. Male and female broods will all take care of their eggs.
Can Toucan Fly?
The Toucan has a large beak, a long tail, and short wings. Toucans can fly, but not very good at it. As a result, they have several adaptations that help them move without the use of wings. This bird is similar to other poor aviators such as forest poultry.
What is the uniqueness of Toucan Bird?
The uniqueness of toucan birds is that they have a very large beak than the beaks of other types of birds that have a body the size of them. The beak has a beautiful color and is usually light in color. Although large, this beak is very light and strong because the structure is not solid and has a cavity containing a lot of air.
Toucan feathers are dark except on the neck as well as some wing feathers and also tails with a bright color. The length of the body is approximately 65 cm and the length of the beak itself is about 20 cm.
The beak of a toucan bird is more than a third the size of its body. The outer layer of the beak is made of keratin, which is the material on the nails and hair. The reason why the beak is light is that the Toucan beak layer consists of many small hexagonal slabs that accumulate like shingle roofs.
The texture of the inner beak can be likened to the texture of the hard foam. Some are hollow, and some are skeletal and membrane.
What Is The Most Recognized Type Of Toucan?
Toco toucan is the best-known species of toucan.
Common characteristics of Toco Toucan are as follows:
- It has a black body, a white throat, and red tail feathers.
- It has thin blue skin around the eyes surrounded by other orange skin circles.
- The beak is 15.8 to 23 cm long or 6.2 to 9.1 inches long.
- It measures from 500 to 876 grams or 1.1 to 1.93 lb.
Toucans living in the Amazon Rainforest
- The Chestnut Eared Aracari
- The Curl-Crested Aracari
- Emerald Toucanet
- Lettered Aracari
- White-Throated Toucan
Is Toucan a legal pet?
Morality says this act is illegal. To obtain toucan as a pet, in some countries imposed penalties with fines or imprisonment, prohibiting the sale, possession, or reproduction because it is in danger of extinction.
The only way to get Toucan as a pet is to have a core ecological certificate, respecting the agreed CITES on transportation and origin. But this requires ample space as well as getting special permission to store it at home.
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What foods does Toucan usually eat?
Toucans are vegetarian animals. Their bellies are very small so that the food they have eaten will not last long in them. Therefore, they need hydrated food.
For those who have Toucan as a pet at home, it is usually fed with small, softballs made of rice. They also usually add carrots, cucumbers, and potatoes.
The basic Toucan diet consists of apples, melons, peaches, bananas, pears, mangoes, kiwis, papayas, and strawberries. They also like water-rich vegetables such as cucumbers, tomatoes, carrots, corn, or peas. The daily diet of toucans should consist of 60% fruits and vegetables. The remaining 40% should consist of several side dishes.
What diseases can Toucan have?
Toucans do not have a very long life expectancy, especially if living in captivity. This is because they may suffer from several very typical diseases, such as:
Ripping off feathers
If the toucan suddenly uncontrollably plucks its fur, this is a sign that it may have parasites among its feathers. The disease can also be caused by emotional stress or a very low mineral diet.
Toucans change feathers usually once a year. However, if the hair falls out suddenly, this can be caused by the toucan feeling nervous if the cage is moved.
It is the most common disease that toucans can have and the leading cause of their high mortality in captivity. Increased iron levels in some organs, as well as blood flow, cause this disease. If detected early, the toucan can heal, but if left unchecked it can increase and become hemosiderosis.
If the toucan eats food in poor conditions, it is not surprising that the toucan ends up having parasites. Therefore, he will lose his appetite, feel sad and hopeless.
Toucans are highly resistant birds, but not free of catching the flu. The main reason is that the cage is located in a place with airflow. Birds usually feel better by taking antibiotics in water.
Fast facts about Toucan
- Toucans can live up to 20 years.
- Toucans hatch from eggs in a naked state with no feathers at all.
- Newly hatched Toucan cubs do not look too different from other birds.
- Toucans are not included in the list of endangered species, but the illegal pet trade among humans affects the number of toucans.
- Toucans have a narrow tongue 6 inches (15 cm) long that is gray.
- Adult toucan birds tuck their beaks under their wings as they sleep.
- Toucans do not migrate.
- In addition to rainforests, toucans also live in tropical savannas and shrubs.